On Wednesday, November 28, at 2.30 pm, the NOVAFRICA Center welcomes Alex Scacco, from the Berlin Social Science Center (WZB), to present her work.
Alex Scacco, WZB (joint work with Bernd Beber, WZB)
The last several years have seen large numbers of migrants, many of them from sub-Saharan Africa, attempt to reach Europe irregularly by way of the “Mediterranean route,” a reflection of multiple sources of migration pressure that is unlikely to subside anytime soon (Hanson and McIntosh 2016). In turn, European governments have invested heavily in initiatives to deter irregular migration, and there has been an explosive expansion of information campaigns designed to impress upon potential migrants the dangers of journeying across the Sahara and the Mediterranean Sea and the unwelcoming reception they might receive in Europe (Schans and Optekamp 2016). Beyond the ethical and political implications of these programs, there is little research on whether they accomplish their stated objectives, and there is even a surprising lack of evidence concerning the extent to which potential migrants are actually misinformed about the costs and potential benefits of trying to irregularly migrate to Europe. We provide such evidence from a representative survey we conducted in Benin City, the epicenter of irregular migration out of Nigeria, which itself is the single largest sub-Saharan African source of irregular migrants to Europe. We find that potential migrants in this context are better informed about destination contexts than ubiquitous information campaigns assume, but are poorly informed about the journey itself. We discuss correlates of migration-related knowledge and present results from two survey experiments in which we provided relevant information.
Find more about this seminar here.