Na quarta-feira, 07 de abril, pelas 14h30, hora de Lisboa, o centro NOVAFRICA dá as boas-vindas a Ken Opalo da Universidade de Georgetown para apresentar o seu trabalho sobre o impacto eleitoral de reformas programáticas no sistema educativo da Tânzania ao longo do tempo.
Autor: Ken Opalo, Georgetown University
Resumo: This paper investigates the electoral benefits of clientelist and programmatic policies in low-income states. We extend this literature by showing the cyclical electoral responses to a large programmatic intervention to expand access to secondary education in Tanzania over multiple electoral periods. Using a difference-in-difference approach, we find that the incumbent party’s vote share increased by 2 percentage points in the election following the policy’s announcement as a campaign promise (2005), but decreased by -1.4 percentage points in the election following implementation (2010). We find no discernible electoral impact of the policy in 2015, two electoral cycles later. We attribute the electoral penalty in 2010 to how the secondary school expansion policy was implemented. Our findings shed light on the temporally-contingent electoral impacts of programmatic policies and highlight the need for more research on how policy implementation structures public opinion and vote choice in low-income states.