Leadership Paradoxes in Angolan Organizations

Miguel Pina e Cunha

Nova School of Business and Economics e NOVAFRICA, Nova University of Lisbon

Armanda Fortes

Faculdade de Economia, Universidade Agostinho Neto

Filipa Rodrigues

Nova School of Business and Economics e NOVAFRICA, Nova University of Lisbon

Arménio Rego

Universidade de Aveiro and Business Research Unit, UNIDE (ISCTE-UIL)

ISSN 2183-0843
Working Paper No 1501
Fevereiro 2015


The study departs from two assumptions. First, it considers that organizations and their leadership are inherently paradoxical and that, in that sense, dealing with paradox is a necessary component of the leadership process. Second, it explores whether the paradoxes of leadership may manifest differently in different contexts. We explore the emergence of paradox in the leadership of Angolan organizations. Angola is an economy transitioning from a centrally-planned to a market mode, and this makes it a rich site for understanding the specificities of paradoxical processes in an under-researched, “rest of the world”, context. The findings of our inductive study led to the emergence of four interrelated paradoxes and highlight the importance of paradoxical work as a management requirement.

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