Working Paper NOVAFRICA: Can Information and Alternatives to Irregular Migration Reduce “Backway” Migration from The Gambia?

Um novo working paper foi adicionado à série NOVAFRICA Working Paper Series. Escrito por Tijan L.Banh, Catia Batista, Flore Gubert e David MacKenzie, este paper fornece informações e testemunhos sobre os riscos de viajar, indicando a migração para um destino mais seguro ao fornecer informações e assistência para a migração para Dakar, e oferecendo formação de competências profissionais para melhorar as oportunidades de emprego doméstico.

Can Information and Alternatives to Irregular Migration Reduce “Backway” Migration from The Gambia?

Tijan L.Banh (Navarra Center for International Development, University of Navarra, University of The Gambia, Nova SBE e NOVAFRICA)
Catia Batista (Nova School of Business and Economics e NOVAFRICA)
Flore Gubert (IRD, UMR LEDa-DIAL, PSL, U. Paris-Dauphine, CNRS, Paris School of Economics and NOVAFRICA)
David MacKenzie (Development Research Group, the World Bank e NOVAFRICA)

Irregular migration from West Africa to Europe across the Sahara and Mediterranean is extremely risky for migrants and a key policy concern. A cluster-randomized experiment with 3,641 young men from 391 settlements in The Gambia is used to test three approaches to reducing risky migration: providing better information and testimonials about the risks of the journey, facilitating migration to a safer destination by providing information and assistance for migration to Dakar, and offering vocational skill training to enhance domestic employment opportunities. Current migration to Senegal was increased by both the Dakar facilitation and vocational training treatments, partially crowding out internal migration. The vocational training treatment reduced intentions to migrate the backway and the number of steps taken toward moving. However, the backway migration rate from The Gambia collapsed, even in the control group, resulting in no space for a treatment effect on irregular migration from any of the three interventions.

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